The Menu Bar is at the very top of your screen at all times. It will vary depending on which program is active. Here is the Menu Bar in the Finder
and here it is with Appleworks active.
Each program has it's own set of options available from the Menu Bar. Explore all the options available in each program. Also notice the symbols and letters to the right of some of the options, these are the Keyboard Shortcuts for the particular option. For instance, in the Apple Menu holding the shift and command(Apple) key while typing the Q key will give you the Log Out dialog box, thus saving you from having to go to the Apple Menu to access the option.
You don't have to push all the keys at once, locate and hold down the modifier keys then type the letter key.
Here are the symbols used in the Menu Bar for the modifier keys
is the Apple/Command key
is the Option Key
is the Control key
is the Shift key
Next I will introduce you to the Finder's menu options.
The Apple Menu is at the far left and is always there no matter what program is active, so you have access to it at all times. One exception is if you have a "Classic" program running and you will have to click on the desktop to get access to it.
About This Mac opens a window with a few details about your Mac and an option to get more details. More about this in Get Info.
Get Mac OS X Software sends you off to a product page at Apple.com.
System Preferences opens the System Preferences. more
Dock gives you access to the Dock Preferences
Location gives you access to different Network settings, very handy for laptop users.
The rest are self evident.
About Finder gives you the version number of the Finder.
Preferences opens the Finder's preference panel. more
Empty Trash does just that, making anything in it nearly impossible to retrieve.
Services use other programs' features to perform functions on selected text. Unfortunately, these services aren't available in all programs.
Hide Finder hides the Finder and brings forward the windows of the last program used which is active.
Hide Others hides all programs except the Finder.
Show All makes all the windows of active programs visible.
The available functions are dependant upon what you have highlighted in the active Finder Window. Many are self-evident.
New Folder will create a new folder in the folder highlighted.
New Smart Folder (10.4+) will create a new folder that will update as you add files that fit your chosen criteria.
New Burn Folder (10.4+) will create a folder you can drag items to and easily burn to a CD or DVD.
Open With allows you to open a file in a program other than the one that created it which is the program it opens in when double-clicked.
Print allows you to print printable items like pictures or word processing documents from the application they were created with.
Get Info opens the info window for the highlighted item. more
Make Alias make a shortcut to a file or program. more
Show Original if you have an alias selected this will locate the real item that the alias points to.
Add to Favorites this will add an alias of the selected item to your Favorites folder and be available in the Go Menu and in open and save dialog boxes. In some cases you will be able to add it to the Sidebar.
Find a folder or file on your hard drive.
Color Label will label the file or folder so that it is easily visable and can be found by searching for that label.
Undo this is one of the handiest options there is, in most every instance you can choose this to undo your last command.
Show Clipboard will show you what you have copied to the Clipboard and is ready for you to Paste somewhere. Unfortunately, you cannot edit what is there, just see it.
Special Characters will open the Character Palette so you can insert characters that are not readily shown on the keyboard.
Here you choose how to view the Finder window and choose your View Options, more
If your window is viewed as Icons you can clean up the window and arrange the icons.
You can hide and show the Tool Bar and Status Bar.
Choose to Customize the Tool Bar, more
Here you can choose to go to some common folders. Most are also in your Tool Bar (Sidebar in Panther/Tiger) by default but there are a couple which are not.
Recent Folders gives you a list of the folders you have most recently visited.
Connect to Server opens a window listing the networks you are connected to or, if you have an Airport card installed, any wireless network within range.
Here you can choose to Zoom Window, which will enlarge the window to a size that will fit all the viewable data. Same as the Green button.
Minimize Window to put it into the Dock.
Bring All Windows to Front, which will bring all open Finder windows out from behind any windows of other applications or Cycle through the open Finder windows.
Switch to any other open Finder Windows, I have 2 open. The one with the diamond is minimized to the Dock, the one with the check is the current window and the other is an open window which is not currently in front and may not be visible.
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©2005-2009 Jeff Overton -
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